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Delaunay2D

vtk-examples/Cxx/Filtering/Delaunay2D


Description

This example generates a set of points aligned with an XY grid with random heights (z values). The Delaunay2D filter "magically" knows how to triangulate this type of point set because it projects the points by default onto the XY axis and then performs a 2D Delaunay triangulation. The result is a mesh on the input points.

Other languages

See (Python), (Java)

Question

If you have a question about this example, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

Delaunay2D.cxx

#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkCellArray.h>
#include <vtkCellLocator.h>
#include <vtkDelaunay2D.h>
#include <vtkLine.h>
#include <vtkNamedColors.h>
#include <vtkNew.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkPoints.h>
#include <vtkPolyData.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkTriangle.h>
#include <vtkVertexGlyphFilter.h>

int main(int, char*[])
{
  vtkNew<vtkNamedColors> colors;

  // Create a set of heights on a grid.
  // This is often called a "terrain map".
  vtkNew<vtkPoints> points;

  unsigned int gridSize = 10;
  for (unsigned int x = 0; x < gridSize; x++)
  {
    for (unsigned int y = 0; y < gridSize; y++)
    {
      points->InsertNextPoint(x, y, (x + y) / (y + 1));
    }
  }

  // Add the grid points to a polydata object
  vtkNew<vtkPolyData> polydata;
  polydata->SetPoints(points);

  // Triangulate the grid points
  vtkNew<vtkDelaunay2D> delaunay;
  delaunay->SetInputData(polydata);

  // Visualize
  vtkNew<vtkPolyDataMapper> meshMapper;
  meshMapper->SetInputConnection(delaunay->GetOutputPort());

  vtkNew<vtkActor> meshActor;
  meshActor->SetMapper(meshMapper);
  meshActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("Banana").GetData());
  meshActor->GetProperty()->EdgeVisibilityOn();

  vtkNew<vtkVertexGlyphFilter> glyphFilter;
  glyphFilter->SetInputData(polydata);

  vtkNew<vtkPolyDataMapper> pointMapper;
  pointMapper->SetInputConnection(glyphFilter->GetOutputPort());

  vtkNew<vtkActor> pointActor;
  pointActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("Tomato").GetData());
  pointActor->GetProperty()->SetPointSize(5);
  pointActor->SetMapper(pointMapper);

  vtkNew<vtkRenderer> renderer;
  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindow> renderWindow;
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderer);
  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> renderWindowInteractor;
  renderWindowInteractor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  renderer->AddActor(meshActor);
  renderer->AddActor(pointActor);
  renderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("Mint").GetData());

  renderWindow->SetWindowName("Delaunay2D");
  renderWindow->Render();
  renderWindowInteractor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.12 FATAL_ERROR)

project(Delaunay2D)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  CommonColor
  CommonCore
  CommonDataModel
  FiltersCore
  FiltersGeneral
  InteractionStyle
  RenderingContextOpenGL2
  RenderingCore
  RenderingFreeType
  RenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  RenderingOpenGL2
  QUIET
)

if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message(FATAL_ERROR "Delaunay2D: Unable to find the VTK build folder.")
endif()

# Prevent a "command line is too long" failure in Windows.
set(CMAKE_NINJA_FORCE_RESPONSE_FILE "ON" CACHE BOOL "Force Ninja to use response files.")
add_executable(Delaunay2D MACOSX_BUNDLE Delaunay2D.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(Delaunay2D PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
)
# vtk_module_autoinit is needed
vtk_module_autoinit(
  TARGETS Delaunay2D
  MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
)

Download and Build Delaunay2D

Click here to download Delaunay2D and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball Delaunay2D.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd Delaunay2D/build

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./Delaunay2D

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.