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ImageStencil

vtk-examples/Cxx/Images/ImageStencil


Description

This example creates a red image and a green image. It creates a mask that is half on and half off. It then combines the images according to the mask using an ImageStencil.

Question

If you have a question about this example, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

ImageStencil.cxx

#include <vtkImageActor.h>
#include <vtkImageData.h>
#include <vtkImageMapper3D.h>
#include <vtkImageStencil.h>
#include <vtkImageStencilData.h>
#include <vtkImageToImageStencil.h>
#include <vtkInteractorStyleImage.h>
#include <vtkNamedColors.h>
#include <vtkNew.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>

namespace {
void CreateColorImage(vtkImageData*, unsigned int channel);
void CreateMask(vtkImageData*);
} // namespace

int main(int, char*[])
{
  vtkNew<vtkNamedColors> colors;

  vtkNew<vtkImageData> image1;
  CreateColorImage(image1, 0); // Create a red image

  vtkNew<vtkImageData> image2;
  CreateColorImage(image2, 1); // Create a green image

  vtkNew<vtkImageData> mask;
  CreateMask(mask);

  // vtkNew<vtkImageStencilData> stencilData;
  vtkNew<vtkImageToImageStencil> imageToImageStencil;
  imageToImageStencil->SetInputData(mask);
  imageToImageStencil->ThresholdByUpper(122);

  vtkNew<vtkImageStencil> stencil;
  stencil->SetInputConnection(2, imageToImageStencil->GetOutputPort());
  stencil->ReverseStencilOn();
  stencil->SetBackgroundInputData(image2);
  stencil->SetInputData(image1);
  stencil->Update();

  // Create an actor
  vtkNew<vtkImageActor> actor;
  actor->GetMapper()->SetInputConnection(stencil->GetOutputPort());

  // Setup renderer
  vtkNew<vtkRenderer> renderer;
  renderer->AddActor(actor);
  renderer->ResetCamera();
  renderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("SteelBlue").GetData());

  // Setup render window
  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindow> renderWindow;
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderer);
  renderWindow->SetWindowName("ImageStencil");

  // Setup render window interactor
  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> renderWindowInteractor;
  vtkNew<vtkInteractorStyleImage> style;

  renderWindowInteractor->SetInteractorStyle(style);

  // Render and start interaction
  renderWindowInteractor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  renderWindow->Render();
  ;
  renderWindowInteractor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

namespace {
void CreateColorImage(vtkImageData* image, const unsigned int channel)
{
  unsigned int dim = 20;

  image->SetDimensions(dim, dim, 1);
  image->AllocateScalars(VTK_UNSIGNED_CHAR, 3);

  for (unsigned int x = 0; x < dim; x++)
  {
    for (unsigned int y = 0; y < dim; y++)
    {
      unsigned char* pixel =
          static_cast<unsigned char*>(image->GetScalarPointer(x, y, 0));
      pixel[0] = 0;
      pixel[1] = 0;
      pixel[2] = 0;

      pixel[channel] = 255;
    }
  }

  image->Modified();
}

void CreateMask(vtkImageData* image)
{
  unsigned int dim = 20;

  image->SetDimensions(dim, dim, 1);
  image->AllocateScalars(VTK_UNSIGNED_CHAR, 1);

  for (unsigned int x = 0; x < dim; x++)
  {
    for (unsigned int y = 0; y < dim; y++)
    {
      unsigned char* pixel =
          static_cast<unsigned char*>(image->GetScalarPointer(x, y, 0));
      if (x < dim / 2)
      {
        pixel[0] = 0;
      }
      else
      {
        pixel[0] = 255;
      }
    }
  }

  image->Modified();
}
} // namespace

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(ImageStencil)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkImagingCore
  vtkImagingStencil
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2
  QUIET
)

if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping ImageStencil: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(ImageStencil MACOSX_BUNDLE ImageStencil.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ImageStencil PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(ImageStencil MACOSX_BUNDLE ImageStencil.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ImageStencil PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS ImageStencil
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif ()

Download and Build ImageStencil

Click here to download ImageStencil and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball ImageStencil.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd ImageStencil/build

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./ImageStencil

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.