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ClipDataSetWithPolyData

vtk-examples/Cxx/Meshes/ClipDataSetWithPolyData


Description

The example that shows how to use the vtkClipDataSet to clip a vtkRectilinearGrid with an arbitrary polydata. vtkImplicitPolyDataDistance is used to turn the polydata into an implicit function. Every point of the grid is evaluated before sending to vtkClipDataSet. This example uses a vtkConeSource to generate polydata to use, however any polydata could be used, including stl files.

The left part of the image shows the inside clip and the distance field on a center slice. The right side shows the outside clip. When the program exits using the "e: key, the example will report the cell type for both the inside and outside clips.

Note

This example was translated to C++ from the Python example ClipDataSetWithPolyData1.

Note

vtkClipDataSet tetrahedralizes the volume before clipping. Contrast this with the vtkTableBasedClipDataSet example: TableBasedClipDataSetWithPolyData.

Here is the summary reported when the example exits:


The clipped dataset(inside) contains a vtkUnstructuredGrid that has 49514 cells Cell type vtkTetra occurs 41034 times. Cell type vtkWedge occurs 8480 times.


The clipped dataset(outside) contains a vtkUnstructuredGrid that has 714434 cells Cell type vtkTetra occurs 705090 times. Cell type vtkWedge occurs 9344 times.

Other languages

See (Python)

Question

If you have a question about this example, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

ClipDataSetWithPolyData.cxx

#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkCellTypes.h>
#include <vtkClipDataSet.h>
#include <vtkConeSource.h>
#include <vtkDataSetMapper.h>
#include <vtkFloatArray.h>
#include <vtkImplicitPolyDataDistance.h>
#include <vtkNamedColors.h>
#include <vtkNew.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkRectilinearGrid.h>
#include <vtkRectilinearGridGeometryFilter.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkUnstructuredGrid.h>

#include <map>

int main(int, char*[])
{
  vtkNew<vtkNamedColors> colors;

  // Create polydata to slice the grid with. In this case, use a cone. This
  // could
  // be any polydata including a stl file.
  vtkNew<vtkConeSource> cone;
  cone->SetResolution(50);
  cone->SetDirection(0, 0, -1);
  cone->SetHeight(3.0);
  cone->CappingOn();
  cone->Update();

  // Implicit function that will be used to slice the mesh
  vtkNew<vtkImplicitPolyDataDistance> implicitPolyDataDistance;
  implicitPolyDataDistance->SetInput(cone->GetOutput());

  // create a grid
  unsigned int dimension = 51;
  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> xCoords;
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i < dimension; ++i)
  {
    xCoords->InsertNextValue(-1.0 +
                             i * 2.0 / static_cast<float>(dimension - 1));
  }
  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> yCoords;
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i < dimension; ++i)
  {
    yCoords->InsertNextValue(-1.0 +
                             i * 2.0 / static_cast<float>(dimension - 1));
  }
  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> zCoords;
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i < dimension; ++i)
  {
    zCoords->InsertNextValue(-1.0 +
                             i * 2.0 / static_cast<float>(dimension - 1));
  }
  // The coordinates are assigned to the rectilinear grid. Make sure that
  // the number of values in each of the XCoordinates, YCoordinates,
  // and ZCoordinates is equal to what is defined in SetDimensions().
  vtkNew<vtkRectilinearGrid> rgrid;
  rgrid->SetDimensions(xCoords->GetNumberOfTuples(),
                       yCoords->GetNumberOfTuples(),
                       zCoords->GetNumberOfTuples());
  rgrid->SetXCoordinates(xCoords);
  rgrid->SetYCoordinates(yCoords);
  rgrid->SetZCoordinates(zCoords);

  // Create an array to hold distance information
  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> signedDistances;
  signedDistances->SetNumberOfComponents(1);
  signedDistances->SetName("SignedDistances");

  // Evaluate the signed distance function at all of the grid points
  for (vtkIdType pointId = 0; pointId < rgrid->GetNumberOfPoints(); ++pointId)
  {
    double p[3];
    rgrid->GetPoint(pointId, p);
    double signedDistance = implicitPolyDataDistance->EvaluateFunction(p);
    signedDistances->InsertNextValue(signedDistance);
  }

  // Add the SignedDistances to the grid
  rgrid->GetPointData()->SetScalars(signedDistances);

  // Use vtkClipDataSet to slice the grid with the polydata
  vtkNew<vtkClipDataSet> clipper;
  clipper->SetInputData(rgrid);
  clipper->InsideOutOn();
  clipper->SetValue(0.0);
  clipper->GenerateClippedOutputOn();
  clipper->Update();

  // --- mappers, actors, render, etc. ---
  // mapper and actor to view the cone
  vtkNew<vtkPolyDataMapper> coneMapper;
  coneMapper->SetInputConnection(cone->GetOutputPort());
  vtkNew<vtkActor> coneActor;
  coneActor->SetMapper(coneMapper);

  // geometry filter to view the background grid
  vtkNew<vtkRectilinearGridGeometryFilter> geometryFilter;
  geometryFilter->SetInputData(rgrid);
  geometryFilter->SetExtent(0, dimension, 0, dimension, dimension / 2,
                            dimension / 2);
  geometryFilter->Update();

  vtkNew<vtkPolyDataMapper> rgridMapper;
  rgridMapper->SetInputConnection(geometryFilter->GetOutputPort());
  rgridMapper->SetScalarRange(
      rgrid->GetPointData()->GetArray("SignedDistances")->GetRange());

  vtkNew<vtkActor> wireActor;
  wireActor->SetMapper(rgridMapper);
  wireActor->GetProperty()->SetRepresentationToWireframe();

  // mapper and actor to view the clipped mesh
  vtkNew<vtkDataSetMapper> clipperMapper;
  clipperMapper->SetInputConnection(clipper->GetOutputPort());
  clipperMapper->ScalarVisibilityOff();

  vtkNew<vtkDataSetMapper> clipperOutsideMapper;
  clipperOutsideMapper->SetInputConnection(clipper->GetOutputPort(1));
  clipperOutsideMapper->ScalarVisibilityOff();

  vtkNew<vtkActor> clipperActor;
  clipperActor->SetMapper(clipperMapper);
  clipperActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("Banana").GetData());

  vtkNew<vtkActor> clipperOutsideActor;
  clipperOutsideActor->SetMapper(clipperOutsideMapper);
  clipperOutsideActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(
      colors->GetColor3d("Banana").GetData());

  // A renderer and render window
  // Create a renderer, render window, and interactor
  double leftViewport[4] = {0.0, 0.0, 0.5, 1.0};
  vtkNew<vtkRenderer> leftRenderer;
  leftRenderer->SetViewport(leftViewport);
  leftRenderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("SteelBlue").GetData());

  double rightViewport[4] = {0.5, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0};
  vtkNew<vtkRenderer> rightRenderer;
  rightRenderer->SetViewport(rightViewport);
  rightRenderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("CadetBlue").GetData());

  // add the actors
  leftRenderer->AddActor(wireActor);
  leftRenderer->AddActor(clipperActor);
  rightRenderer->AddActor(clipperOutsideActor);

  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindow> renwin;
  renwin->SetSize(640, 480);
  renwin->AddRenderer(leftRenderer);
  renwin->AddRenderer(rightRenderer);
  renwin->SetWindowName("ClipDataSetWithPolyData");

  // An interactor
  vtkNew<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> interactor;
  interactor->SetRenderWindow(renwin);

  // Share the camera

  leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetPosition(0, -1, 0);
  leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetFocalPoint(0, 0, 0);
  leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetViewUp(0, 0, 1);
  leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera()->Azimuth(30);
  leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera()->Elevation(30);
  leftRenderer->ResetCamera();
  rightRenderer->SetActiveCamera(leftRenderer->GetActiveCamera());

  renwin->Render();
  interactor->Start();

  // Generate a report
  vtkIdType numberOfCells = clipper->GetOutput()->GetNumberOfCells();
  std::cout << "------------------------" << std::endl;
  std::cout << "The clipped dataset(inside) contains a " << std::endl
            << clipper->GetOutput()->GetClassName() << " that has "
            << numberOfCells << " cells" << std::endl;
  typedef std::map<int, int> CellContainer;
  CellContainer cellMap;
  for (vtkIdType i = 0; i < numberOfCells; i++)
  {
    cellMap[clipper->GetOutput()->GetCellType(i)]++;
  }

  CellContainer::const_iterator it = cellMap.begin();
  while (it != cellMap.end())
  {
    std::cout << "\tCell type "
              << vtkCellTypes::GetClassNameFromTypeId(it->first) << " occurs "
              << it->second << " times." << std::endl;
    ++it;
  }

  numberOfCells = clipper->GetClippedOutput()->GetNumberOfCells();
  std::cout << "------------------------" << std::endl;
  std::cout << "The clipped dataset(outside) contains a " << std::endl
            << clipper->GetClippedOutput()->GetClassName() << " that has "
            << numberOfCells << " cells" << std::endl;
  typedef std::map<int, int> OutsideCellContainer;
  CellContainer outsideCellMap;
  for (vtkIdType i = 0; i < numberOfCells; i++)
  {
    outsideCellMap[clipper->GetClippedOutput()->GetCellType(i)]++;
  }

  it = outsideCellMap.begin();
  while (it != outsideCellMap.end())
  {
    std::cout << "\tCell type "
              << vtkCellTypes::GetClassNameFromTypeId(it->first) << " occurs "
              << it->second << " times." << std::endl;
    ++it;
  }

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(ClipDataSetWithPolyData)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkFiltersCore
  vtkFiltersGeneral
  vtkFiltersGeometry
  vtkFiltersSources
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2
  QUIET
)

if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping ClipDataSetWithPolyData: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(ClipDataSetWithPolyData MACOSX_BUNDLE ClipDataSetWithPolyData.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ClipDataSetWithPolyData PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(ClipDataSetWithPolyData MACOSX_BUNDLE ClipDataSetWithPolyData.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ClipDataSetWithPolyData PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS ClipDataSetWithPolyData
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif ()

Download and Build ClipDataSetWithPolyData

Click here to download ClipDataSetWithPolyData and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball ClipDataSetWithPolyData.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd ClipDataSetWithPolyData/build

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./ClipDataSetWithPolyData

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.